Tri-State Specialists is joining CNOS effective Jan 3rd, 2022. Please contact your Physician or clinic team member at CNOS by calling 605-217-2667,

Bunions And Hammertoes Specialist

Tri-State Specialists

Orthopedic Surgery & General Surgery located in Sioux City, IA & Le Mars, IA

If discomfort associated with a bunion or hammertoe limits your mobility, simple solutions are available at Tri-State Specialists in Sioux City, Iowa. The orthopaedic specialists use advanced, personalized conservative and surgical options for all patients in the tri-state region. If toe pain negatively affects your quality of life, call Tri-State Specialists to schedule an evaluation or use the online booking tool today.

Bunions and Hammertoes Q&A

What are bunions and hammertoes?

Bunions and hammertoes are joint conditions that affect your toes. A bunion is a painful bony bump that appears at the joint of your big toe on the inside of your foot. 

A hammertoe is an abnormal bend in a toe joint that often affects your second, third, or fourth toe. Symptoms include discomfort, stiffness, and decreased range of motion.

What are the risk factors for bunions and hammertoes?

Numerous factors increase your risk of developing bunions and hammertoes. You may develop a bunion from:

  • Wearing shoes that fit your feet poorly
  • Genetic factors
  • Congenital deformities
  • Foot injuries

Having rheumatoid arthritis also increases your risk of developing bunions.

Hammertoes may form if you:

  • Have arthritis or diabetes
  • Wear shoes that are too tight (such as high heels)
  • Have a toe injury
  • Have an imbalance in your toe muscles, or your second toe is longer than your big toe

Hammertoes can also develop as a result of untreated bunions.

How are bunions and hammertoes diagnosed and treated?

Your Tri-State Specialists doctor diagnoses bunions and hammertoes by examining your feet and toes. They may use low radiation X-ray imaging to confirm a diagnosis. Your personalized treatment plan for a bunion or hammertoe might include one or more of the following.

Footwear changes

Avoid high heels and other tight-fitting shoes and choose soft, loose, comfortable shoes instead to reduce symptoms associated with bunions and hammertoes. Shoe inserts, pads, or taping can reposition your toe to relieve pain and pressure.

Toe strengthening exercises

Your doctor or an on-site physical therapist shows you which exercises help stretch and strengthen toe muscles to ease symptoms of hammertoe.


Oral medications and injections help alleviate pain and inflammation associated with bunions and hammertoes.

Minimally invasive surgery

If conservative options haven’t worked, your orthopaedic specialist might recommend minimally invasive surgery to restore toe joint function and your quality of life. They use the most advanced equipment and techniques and small incisions to reduce bleeding and downtime.

Don’t let bunion or hammertoe pain limit your mobility and prevent you from staying active. Call Tri-State Specialists for an appointment today or use the online booking tool.